The Global Issue
It is estimated that one-third of the land area on Earth is arid and that half of that is semi-arid. Arid land is characterised by excessive heat and low precipitation with periodic droughts.
Rainfall averages are 350mm per year in the arid zones and 700mm rainfall per year in the semi-arid regions.
The regions' inconsistent rainfall usually makes it impossible to ensure sustainable livelihood for farmers. Therefore, harvests are likely to be irregular in the semi-arid regions but grazing can be adequate. It can be difficult for communities to thrive in these harsh conditions. Long droughts decrease crop yields and scarce water resources decrease agricultural outputs.
Desertification is exacerbating the already dry conditions, and can be described as land-degradation that results from climatic changes and human activity. Several factors combine to cause desertification: including climatic shifts, overgrazing, tillage for agriculture, and deforestation.
Desertification is having devastating effects on communities in arid regions; soil nutrient loss, the decline of available water resources, and food reserve is depleted. Families can no longer support themselves on farming and animal husbandry any longer and communities will have less means to survive.
We help communities, farmers, and families in semi-arid regions to find new, sustainable ways of producing fodder for livestock which is particularly able to sustain communities during times of drought.